Morvern Undiscovered


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Deciduous Woodlands

Location

LOCATION DESCRIPTIONS

Deciduous Woodlands

Morvern has some important areas of deciduous woodland comprising Sites of Special Scientific Interest and Local Nature Reserves; in addition there is also a community woodland. There are some distinctive types of deciduous woodland in Morvern, mature woods comprising, Oak, Silver Birch, Rowan and Hazel. Some areas where Ash, Hazel, Wych-Elm and Bird Cherry exist near major streams. There are also woodlands which are predominantly multi-stemmed Hazel, more crooked in appearance and unlike the more common species which are usually single stemmed and good for coppicing and producing straight timber. Possibly these crooked Hazel are related to the sub species Corylus Avellana Contorta; the Corkscrew Hazel. Aspen is also found in small isolated areas clinging to the land .Morverns deciduous woodlands provide a haven for a wonderful range of flora and fauna; Birdlife is rich throughout the year; summer visitors arrive in May and the sights and sounds are spectacular, later in the year other visitors arrive sheltering in the warmer albeit damp conditions. Animals are present all year round Red and Roe Deer, Foxes, Pine Martins and Wildcats. Small mammals also thrive providing sustenance for other species. A rich variety of flowers and other plant life, ferns and lichens relish these woodland conditions in deed some woodland areas have such richness of flora that they are of international importance.
What are Deciduous Trees: Trees where the leaves annually fall off during Autumn.
In Britain there are regarded to be 30 native species of deciduous trees, in Scotland there are probably 15 species. Native species are defined as those that naturally colonised the land after the last ice age only 11,500 years ago. Once the English Channel was flooded following the rise of sea levels the natural migration of tree species seized. Much of the land possibly up to 80% in Scotland would have been tree covered; indeed this was at its peak between 7,000 to 8,000 years ago, with the early colonisers being Birch and Scots Pine.
The reduction in these woodlands was inevitable with the increase in human population and settlement. The progression of humans from hunter gatherer to farmer had a direct impact on the land and its tree cover. Land was cleared and managed to allow for food production and for building of settlements. Everything was constructed from wood: homes, boats, furniture, household utensils, ploughs, fencing, gates and fuel. Much of the native woodlands were converted to grasslands by the medieval abbeys; who from the twelfth century onwards had extensive flocks of goat and sheep. Indeed the goat was in considerable demand; records reveal that in one year alone during the seventeenth century 100,000 goatskins; were exported from Inverness to London. The demand for wood has never ceased, however it is predominately coniferous woodlands that supply the insatiable appetite for low cost timber.
Increasing pressure has been put on public bodies, such as the Forestry Commission and local councils to do more to enhance and protect the natural woodland that remains. Indeed pressure is at the fore to increase the native woodlands through management, grant schemes and community woodlands.

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Audio Files

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Dawn Chorus

Dawn Chorus Audio

Evening Chorus

Evening Chorus Audio

Woodland Birds

Woodland Birds Audio

Willow & Wood Warblers

Willow & Wood Audio

Roe Deer

Roe Deer Audio

Woodland River

Woodland River Audio

Wood Warbler

Wood Warbler Audio

Tawny Owl faint

Tawny Owl faint Audio

Chaffinch & Great Tit

Chaffinch & Great Tit Audio


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